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How Volcanoes Work: Historical Eruptions
This information about major volcanic eruptions in history covers events from the civilization-destroying explosion at Santorini in about 1630 BC, to the killing cloud of carbon dioxide at Lake Nyos Cameroon in 1986. The site documents the seven deadliest eruptions in history. Other eruptions include Mount Pelee on the island of Martinique in 1902, Mount Saint Helens in Washington State in 1980, Nevado Del Ruiz Columbia in 1985, the Mexican eruption of Paricutin in 1943, and the 1883 explosion that nearly obliterated the island of Krakatau in what is now Indonesia. For each eruption the site offers information about the type of volcano, the type of eruption, the products of the eruption, and the relation to plate tectonics. In addition, historical background is provided when appropriate.
Intended for grade levels:
  • Middle (6-8)
  • High (9-12)
  • College (13-14)
  • College (15-16)
Type of resource:
  • Text:
    • Ref. material
  • Geological Sciences:
    • Geology
  • Natural hazards
Technical requirements:
No specific technical requirements, just a browser required
Cost / Copyright:
No cost
Images credited to government organizations are in the public domain, and can be downloaded and used. It would be appropriate, however, to properly acknowledge the individuals and government agencies for each downloaded image. The remainder of the images and graphics are not in the public domain. These may not be downloaded and used, unless permission is granted from the individuals acknowledged in the expanded caption for each image.
DLESE Catalog ID: DLESE-000-000-005-297
Related resources:
This resource is referenced by 'How Volcanoes Work'
Resource contact / Creator / Publisher:
Author: Dr Victor E. Camp
Department of Geological Science, San Diego State University