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Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Looking into Earth with GIS
Step-by-step instructions walk users through working with data from a seismic wave model in a freely available GIS (geographic information system) program, ESRI's ArcVoyager SE. Users generate and examine maps and produce graphs to explore variations in seismic wave velocities at depths of 28 and 100 km below Earth's surface. By examining and analyzing GIS-ready data, users visualize density changes and earthquake distributions near a spreading center and two subduction zones. Finally, users will infer the location (depth) of the upper mantle under ocean basins and under continents from their analyses.
Intended for grade levels:
  • High (9-12)
  • College (13-14)
Type of resource:
  • For the classroom:
    • Computer activity
  • Visual:
    • Map
    • Visualization - scientific
Subject:
  • Geographical Sciences:
    • Physical geography
  • Geological Sciences:
    • Geology
    • Geophysics
  • Technology
Technical requirements:
No specific technical requirements, just a browser required
Cost / Copyright:
No cost
Original, creative works created for the Earth Exploration Toolbook website remain the intellectual property of that program and may be used freely for any non-commercial, educational purpose with attribution to TERC, Carleton College, and the chapter author's affiliation. The EET website was developed by the Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College with funding from the National Science Foundation. Any views expressed in this website do not necessarily reflect the views of SERC, Carleton College or any of its sponsors or affiliates. We encourage the reuse and disemination of the material on this site for educational, noncommercial purposes as long as attribuition is retained. To this end the material on this site is offered under a Creative Commons license Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 1.0.
DLESE Catalog ID: SERC-EET-000-000-000-022
Educational standards:
  • National Science Education Standards (NSES):
    • 5-8:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Change, constancy, and measurement
        • Evidence, models, and explanation
      • D - Earth and space science:
        • Structure of the earth system
      • F - Science in personal / social perspectives:
        • Natural hazards
    • 9-12:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Evidence, models, and explanation
      • A - Science as inquiry:
        • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
      • E - Science and technology:
        • Understandings about science and technology
  • National Geography Standards:
    • Physical systems:
      • The physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth's surface
    • The world in spatial terms:
      • How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
      • How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information
Related resources:
This resource requires
Resource contact / Creator / Publisher:
Author: David Smith
School of Education and Social Policy