Find a
Select grade level(s) Select resource type(s) Select collection(s) Select standard(s) Skip navigation Digital Library for Earth System Education
Digital Library for Earth System Education
Search tips
How to Hide in the Ocean
In the three-dimensional ocean, some creatures live on the sea floor, but many live and move about in the water column. Having a body form that is hard to see or detect helps many ocean dwellers avoid being eaten by hungry predators. However, many predators have evolved some of the same adaptations which help them approach their prey without being seen. During this activity students will learn that some of the adaptations for hiding in the ocean include: small size, transparent body, cryptic coloration, disruptive coloration, mimicry of surroundings, and bioluminescence. Students will observe and discuss the advantages of camouflage and then try their hands at designing a well-camouflaged fish. Students will also be introduced to keywords such as camouflage, countershading, transparent, opaque, wavelengths of light, and photophore.
Intended for grade levels:
  • Primary (K-2)
  • Intermediate (3-5)
  • Middle (6-8)
Type of resource:
  • For the classroom:
    • Classroom activity
  • Environmental science
  • Ocean Sciences:
    • Biological oceanography
Technical requirements:
No specific technical requirements, just a browser required
Cost / Copyright:
No cost
Copyright 1998-2008 by Sea Education Association, all rights reserved.
DLESE Catalog ID: DLESE-000-000-009-570
Educational standards:
  • National Science Education Standards (NSES):
    • K-4:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Form and function
      • C - Life science:
        • Characteristics of organisms
        • Organisms and environments
    • 5-8:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Form and function
      • C - Life science:
        • Diversity and adaptations of organisms
        • Population and ecosystems
        • Structure and function in living systems
Resource contact / Creator / Publisher:
Publisher: Sea Education Association