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Genographic: Permanent Markers
In this lesson, the second in a set of lessons exploring migration, genetic markers, markers in context, and the Genographic Project (a five-year study of human origins and migration based on genetic markers), students will review background information about the basics of DNA and chromosomal structure. They will then explore the Genographic Project and the work of lead scientist Dr. Spencer Wells. Using a hands-on simulation activity, they will learn how genetic markers are passed from generation to generation and haplogroups are formed. Finally, they will use the Atlas of the Human Journey to track one genetic marker over time.
Intended for grade levels:
  • High (9-12)
Type of resource:
  • For the classroom:
    • Lesson plan
  • Geographical Sciences:
    • Human geography
Technical requirements:
No specific technical requirements, just a browser required
Cost / Copyright:
No cost
Copyright 2004 National Geographic Society. All rights reserved.
DLESE Catalog ID: DLESE-000-000-009-021
Educational standards:
  • National Science Education Standards (NSES):
    • 9-12:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Change, constancy, and measurement
        • Evidence, models, and explanation
      • A - Science as inquiry:
        • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
        • Understandings about scientific inquiry
      • C - Life science:
        • Molecular basis of heredity
      • F - Science in personal / social perspectives:
        • Sci. / tech. in local, national, and global challenges
      • G - History and nature of science:
        • Science as a human endeavor
  • National Geography Standards:
    • Human systems:
      • The characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on Earth's surface
    • The uses of geography:
      • How to apply geography to interpret the past
    • The world in spatial terms:
      • How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface
      • How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information
Related resources:
This resource requires 'Genographic: Mapping the Human Journey'
This resource is required by 'Connecting the Dots: Genographic's Markers in Context'
This resource is required by 'Genographic's Legacy: Preservation and Projections'
Resource contact / Creator / Publisher:
Publisher: National Geographic Society