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Earth: Making Rocks
Students can learn how an earth scientist studies volcanic rocks by first visiting volcanoes to get a closer look and to collect rock samples, and by recreating the conditions of a magma chamber in the lab. The gas in a bottle of soda is used as an analogy to explain why some eruptions are explosive. The scientist starts by collecting pumice, a light rock filled with holes like a sponge, because it forms from explosive eruptions. Back in the lab, he attempts to duplicate the conditions under which it formed.
Intended for grade levels:
  • Intermediate (3-5)
  • Middle (6-8)
Type of resource:
  • For the classroom:
    • Field trip - virtual
Subject:
  • Geological Sciences:
    • Geology
    • Mineralogy or petrology
Technical requirements:
No specific technical requirements, just a browser required
Cost / Copyright:
No cost
All text, images, and software code on this website are copyright property of the American Museum of Natural History and its programmers unless otherwise noted. They may be used for the personal education of website visitors. They may not be placed in the public domain. Any commercial reproduction, redistribution, publication or other use by electronic means or otherwise, is prohibited unless pursuant to a written license signed by the Museum.
DLESE Catalog ID: DLESE-000-000-006-969
Educational standards:
  • National Science Education Standards (NSES):
    • K-4:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Evidence, models, and explanation
      • D - Earth and space science:
        • Changes in earth and sky
        • Properties of earth materials
    • 5-8:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Evidence, models, and explanation
      • D - Earth and space science:
        • Structure of the earth system
    • 9-12:
      • Unifying concepts and processes:
        • Evidence, models, and explanation
      • D - Earth and space science:
        • Energy in the earth system
        • Origin and evolution of the earth system
Related resources:
This resource is part of 'Earth: Our World in Motion'
Resource contact / Creator / Publisher:
Publisher: American Museum of Natural History