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Volcanic Landforms
This site describes volcanic landscapes, which contain diverse landforms such as edifices, calderas, and lava domes. The three main edifices are scoria cones, shield volcanoes, and stratovolcanoes. A chart shows the outline of each along with its composition and eruption type. The calderas described include Crater-Lake type calderas associated with the collapse of stratovolcanoes, basaltic calderas associated with the summit collapse of shield volcanoes, and resurgent calderas which lack an association with a single centralized vent. The creation of lava domes is discussed and the morphology of Mt. St. Helens is illustrated.
Intended for grade levels:
  • High (9-12)
  • College (13-14)
Type of resource:
  • Visual:
    • Illustration - scientific
    • Imagery - remotely sensed
    • Photograph
  • Text:
    • Ref. material
  • Geological Sciences:
    • Geology
    • Structural geology
  • Natural hazards
Technical requirements:
No specific technical requirements, just a browser required
Cost / Copyright:
No cost
Images credited to government organizations are in the public domain, and can be downloaded and used. It would be appropriate, however, to properly acknowledge the individuals and government agencies for each downloaded image. The remainder of the images and graphics are not in the public domain. These may not be downloaded and used, unless permission is granted from the individuals acknowledged in the expanded caption for each image.
DLESE Catalog ID: DLESE-000-000-005-294
Educational standards:
  • National Science Education Standards (NSES):
    • 9-12:
      • A - Science as inquiry:
        • Understandings about scientific inquiry
      • B - Physical science:
        • Interactions of energy and matter
      • D - Earth and space science:
        • Energy in the earth system
        • Origin and evolution of the earth system
      • E - Science and technology:
        • Understandings about science and technology
      • F - Science in personal / social perspectives:
        • Natural and human-induced hazards
      • G - History and nature of science:
        • Nature of scientific knowledge
Related resources:
This resource is part of 'How Volcanoes Work'
Resource contact / Creator / Publisher:
Author: Dr Victor E. Camp
Department of Geological Science, San Diego State University