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In this activity, learners will look at some of the characteristic properties of aftershock sequences, and relate them to variables in two equations: the modified version of Omori's Law, and the Gutenberg-Richter relation for aftershock sequences. The database provided in this link can be searched to extract the magnitude and time-after-mainshock for selected earthquakes. From this information, users ... Full description.
Grade level: High (9-12), College (13-14)
Resource type: Classroom activity
Subject: Geophysics
 
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Earthquake Education Environment    Browse collection
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This reference provides an introduction to the geoid, the equipotential surface of the Earth's gravity field which best fits global mean sea level. There is a narrative of early attempts to describe the geoid, and schematic diagrams showing the geoid and its relationship to Earth's crust, local mean sea level, orthometric heights, and local dynamic ocean topography. Full description.
Grade level: High (9-12), College (13-14)
Resource type: Illustration - scientific, Ref. material
Subject: Geophysics
 
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Earthquake Education Environment    Browse collection
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In this activity, students learn about the different types of seismic waves in an environment they can control. Using an interactive, online wave generator, they will study P waves, S waves, Love waves, and Rayleigh waves, and examine a combination of P and S waves that crudely simulates the wave motion experienced during an earthquake. A tutorial is provided to show how the wave generator is used. ... Full description.
Grade level: Middle (6-8), High (9-12)
Resource type: Classroom activity, Computer activity
Subject: Geophysics
 
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Earthquake Education Environment    Browse collection
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These animations show students the nature of particle motion in longitudinal and transverse waves, and how they combine to form the more complex motions seen in water waves and Rayleigh surface waves, a type seen in earthquakes. The animations are accompanied by written explanations. Full description.
Grade level: Middle (6-8), High (9-12), College (13-14)
Resource type: Visualization - scientific, Ref. material
Subject: Geophysics
 
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Earthquake Education Environment    Browse collection
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These animations show how various types of waves are propagated during an earthquake. Users can see how P-waves travel at the surface, how they are reflected and refracted as they travel further from their source, and how multiple reflections can combine to create a surface wave. There is also an animation showing how S-waves were amplified by reflections from the Moho during the 1989 Loma Prieta ... Full description.
Grade level: High (9-12), College (13-14), College (15-16), Graduate / Professional
Resource type: Visualization - scientific
Subject: Geophysics
 
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This animation shows how P-waves (primary, or compressional, waves) travel through a Slinky toy. It is accompanied by a brief written explanation that describes some of the properties of P-waves and how they are generated in a real Slinky. Full description.
Grade level: Intermediate (3-5), Middle (6-8), High (9-12)
Resource type: Visualization - scientific, Ref. material
Subject: Geophysics
 
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This tutorial instructs students on how to create simulations of P- and S-waves by using simple materials; a Slinky toy and a length of rope. Full description.
Grade level: Intermediate (3-5), Middle (6-8), High (9-12)
Resource type: Classroom activity
Subject: Geophysics
 
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This animation shows how S-waves (secondary, or shear, waves) travel through a Slinky toy. It is accompanied by a brief written explanation that describes some of the properties of S-waves and how they are generated in a real Slinky. Full description.
Grade level: Middle (6-8), High (9-12), College (13-14)
Resource type: Presentation / Demo
Subject: Geophysics
 
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By examining GPS time series plots from stations on opposing sides of the San Andreas Fault, students will determine the relative movement between the two stations. They can then apply this to calculate the time it will take for Los Angeles to reach San Francisco. Background information and necessary equations are provided. There is also a link provided to print out the time series. Full description.
Grade level: High (9-12), College (13-14)
Resource type: Classroom activity
Subject: Geophysics
 
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Earthquake Education Environment    Browse collection
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In this activity, students use walking and running speeds to simulate the difference in S- and P-wave travel times, a property used in the location of earthquakes. They will construct travel time curves using their measurements of walking and running arrival times and calculate the epicenter of a hypothetical earthquake by using triangulation. Full description.
Grade level: Intermediate (3-5), Middle (6-8), High (9-12)
Resource type: Classroom activity, Field activity
Subject: Geophysics
 
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Educational standards associated with this resource:
National Science Education Standards (NSES): Read
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Earthquake Education Environment    Browse collection
DLESE Community Collection (DCC)     Browse collection
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